What Are Three Bodily Fluids That Can Be Considered Infectious?

Which material should definitely be treated as infectious?

Any body fluid with blood is potentially infectious.

Also, semen, vaginal secretions and saliva in dental procedures are considered potentially infected body fluids.”.

What are 3 body fluids that would contain a bloodborne pathogen?

Bloodborne pathogens such as HBV and HIV can be transmitted through contact with infected human blood and other potentially infectious body fluids such as:semen.vaginal secretions.cerebrospinal fluid.synovial fluid.pleural fluid.peritoneal fluid.amniotic fluid.saliva (in dental procedures), and.More items…

What is the only body fluid that is not considered infectious?

Feces, nasal secretions, saliva, sputum, sweat, tears, urine, and vomitus are not considered potentially infectious unless they are visibly bloody.

What are the 4 major body fluids?

Common Bodily Fluids – What Makes the List?Blood. Blood plays a major role in the body’s defense against infection by carrying waste away from our cells and flushing them out of the body in urine, feces, and sweat. … Saliva. … Semen. … Vaginal fluids. … Mucus. … Urine.

What are the 3 universal precautions?

Universal precautions apply to the following body fluids:Blood.Semen and vaginal secretions.Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)Synovial fluid.Pleural fluid.Pericardial fluid.Amniotic fluid.

What is considered bodily fluid?

Body fluids are considered to be the interstitial fluids, saliva, tears, and gastric juices. They moisten the tissues, muscles, body organs and skin.

Which bodily fluid does not require the use of standard precautions?

Standard Precautions apply to 1) blood; 2) all body fluids, secretions, and excretions, except sweat, regardless of whether or not they contain visible blood; 3) non-intact skin; and 4) mucous membranes.

What are the 26 types of body fluids?

It makes up about 26% of the total body water composition in humans. Intravascular fluid (blood plasma), interstitial fluid, lymph and transcellular fluid make up the extracellular fluid….Body fluidamniotic fluid.aqueous humour.bile.blood plasma.breast milk.cerebrospinal fluid.cerumen.chyle.More items…•

What is the normal body fluid?

In lean healthy adult men, the total body water is about 60% (60–67%) of the total body weight; it is usually slightly lower in women. The exact percentage of fluid relative to body weight is inversely proportional to the percentage of body fat.

Should all bodily fluids be treated as infectious?

This extension of blood and body fluid precautions to all patients is referred to as “Universal Blood and Body Fluid Precautions” or “Universal Precautions.” Under universal precautions, blood and certain body fluids of all patients are considered potentially infectious for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis …

What diseases are carried in body fluids?

Examples of diseases spread through blood or other body fluids:hepatitis B – blood, saliva, semen and vaginal fluids.hepatitis C – blood.human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection – blood, semen and vaginal fluids, breastmilk.cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection – saliva, semen and vaginal fluids, urine, etc.More items…

Is dried blood infectious?

You may be familiar with bloodborne diseases, but unsure if dried blood on a counter top is really something to be worried about. It is. This is because certain bloodborne viruses can live for days outside the body and still cause infection. Hepatitis B virus can live in dried blood for up to a week.

Which body fluid is most basic?

Among the body fluids, gastric juice has the least pH ( ) value.

What are the 3 main ways infection can get into the body?

This is the way that the pathogen enters the body of the potential host. Pathogens can enter the body by coming into contact with broken skin, being breathed in or eaten, coming into contact with the eyes, nose and mouth or, for example when needles or catheters are inserted.

What body fluids are considered potentially infectious?

Other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) means: (1) The following human body fluids: semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva in dental procedures, any body fluid that is visibly contaminated with blood, and all body …

How many fluids are in a human body?

The ICF makes up about 60 percent of the total water in the human body, and in an average-size adult male, the ICF accounts for about 25 liters (seven gallons) of fluid (Figure 26.1. 3). This fluid volume tends to be very stable, because the amount of water in living cells is closely regulated.

How do virus enter the body?

Humans can become infected by a virus in contaminated food or water. The virus enters the body through the stomach or bowels when the contaminated food or water is swallowed. Viruses spread through food or water often affect the gastrointestinal tract and cause symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

What should you do if you are exposed to blood or body fluids?

Wash the area with warm water and soap. If you are splashed with blood or body fluids and your skin has an open wound, healing sore, or scratch, wash the area well with soap and water. If you are splashed in the eyes, nose or mouth, rinse well with water. If you have been bitten, wash the wound with soap and water.

What are 2 ways to avoid exposure to blood or bodily fluids?

How can you reduce your risk of exposure to blood and body fluids?Always wear gloves for handling items or surfaces soiled with blood or body fluids.Wear gloves if you have scraped, cut, or chapped skin on your hands.Change your gloves after each use.Wash your hands immediately after removing your gloves.More items…

Is poop considered a bodily fluid?

* Includes human blood, semen, vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid, pleural fluid, pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva in dental procedures, tissue, and organs. Also includes any other human body fluid (urine, feces, nasal secretions, vomitus, etc.)

What is the first thing that an employee should do if exposed to blood?

What should you do if you’re exposed? Wash needlesticks and cuts with soap and water. Flush splashes to nose, mouth, or skin with water. Irrigate eyes with clean water, saline, or sterile wash.